Poisonous Plants: What to do?

If you think that your pet may have ingested a potentially poisonous substance, make the call to Animal Poison Control (888) 426-4435, 24 hours a day/365 days a year. This call may make all the difference to your pet. A $65 consultation fee may be applied to your credit card for the call.

The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) (www.aspca.org/Pet-care/poison-control/Plants.aspx) has released a list of the most poisonous plants (inside and out) and their possible effects. The table below lists just a few of these, familiarize yourself with what they look like. You may have them in or around your home.


ARUM LILY
Additional Common Names: Arum, Lord-and-Ladies, Wake Robin, Starch Root, Bobbins, Cuckoo Plant
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats, & Dogs
Clinical Signs: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing.


ASIATIC LILY
Toxicity: Toxic to Cats
Clinical Signs: Vomiting, inappetance, lethargy, kidney failure, and death is possible. Cats are only species known to be affected.


EASTER LILY
Toxicity: Toxic to Cats, Non-Toxic to Dogs, Non-Toxic to Horses
Clinical Signs: Vomiting, inappetence, lethargy, kidney failure, and death is possible. Cats are only species known to be affected.


APPLE TREE
Additional Common Names: Includes crab-apples
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats, & Dogs
Toxic Parts:Stems, leaves, seeds contain cyanide, particularly toxic in the process of wilting
Clinical Signs:brick red mucous membranes, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, panting, shock.


APRICOT TREE
Additional Common Names: Group also includes Plum, Peach, Cherry
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats, & Dogs
Toxic Parts:Stems, leaves, seeds contain cyanide, particularly toxic in the process of wilting:
Clinical Signs:brick red mucous membranes, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, panting, shock.


ALOE VERA PLANT
Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats
Clinical Signs: Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, anorexia, tremors, change in urine color.


ARROW-HEAD VINE
Additional Common Names: Nephthytis, Green Gold Naphthysis, African Evergreen, Trileaf Wonder
Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, & Cats
Clinical Signs: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing.


DIEFFENBACHIA
Scientific Name: Dieffenbachia amoena
Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats
Clinical Signs: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth , tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing


SPLIT-LEAF PHILANDENDRON
Additional Common Names: Hurricane Plant, Swiss Cheese Plant, Ceriman, Mexican Breadfruit, Split-leaf Philodendron, Window Leaf Plant
Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, & Cats
Clinical Signs: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing.


ELEPHANT EARS
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats, & Dogs
Clinical Signs: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing


CYCLAMEN
Additional Common Names: Sow-bread
Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, & Cats
Clinical Signs: Salivation, vomiting, diarrhea. Following large ingestation of tubers: heart rhythm abnormalities, seizures, death.


ENGLISH IVY
Additional Common Names: Glacier Ivy, Needlepoint Ivy, Sweetheart Ivy, California Ivy
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats, & Dogs
Clinical Signs: Vomiting, abdominal pain, hyper-salivation, diarrhea. Foliage is more toxic than berries


ENGLISH HOLLY
Additional Common Names: European Holly, Oregon Holly, Ink-berry, Winter-berry
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses,Cats & Dogs
Clinical Signs: Vomiting, diarrhea and depression. Leaves and berries are low toxicity.


SAGO PALM
Additional Common Names: Coontie Palm, Cardboard Palm, cycads and zamias
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats, & Dogs
Clinical Signs: Vomiting, melena, icterus, increased thirst, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, bruising, coagulopathy, liver damage, liver failure, death.


OLEANDER
Additional Common Names: Rose-Bay
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats, & Dogs
Clinical Signs: Poisonings can occur from access to prunings or fallen branches. All parts contain a highly toxic cardiac glycoside much like digitoxin, and can cause colic, diarrhea (possibly bloody), sweating, in-coordination, shallow/difficult breathing, muscle tremors, recumbentcy, and possibly death from cardiac failure.


SILVER-JADE
Additional Common Names: Silver Dollar
Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, & Cats
Clinical Signs: Nausea, retching


JAPANESE-YEW
Additional Common Names: American Yew
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats & Dogs
Clinical Signs: Tremors, difficulty breathing, vomiting, seizures (dogs), sudden death from acute


YUCCA
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats, & Dogs
Clinical Signs: Vomiting, diarrhea — dogs, cats. Liver disease, secondary photosensitivity — grazing animals.


RHODODENDRON
Additional Common Names: Rose-bay, Rhododendron
Toxicity: Toxic to Horses, Cats, & Dogs
Clinical Signs: Vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, hypotension, CNS depression, cardiovascular collapse and death. Ingestion of a few leaves can cause serious problems. The toxic principle interferes with normal skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle and nerve function. Clinical effects typically occur within a few hours after ingestion, and can include acute digestive upset, excessive drooling, loss of appetite, frequent bowel movements/diarrhea, colic, depression, weakness, loss of coordination, stupor, leg paralysis, weak heart rate and recumbency for 2 or more days; at this point, improvement may be seen or the animal may become comatose and die.